Summary of TEKS
English Language Arts and Reading
The English Language Arts and Reading Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) are organized into the following strands: Reading, where students read and understand a wide variety of literary and informational texts; Writing, where students compose a variety of written texts with a clear controlling idea, coherent organization, and sufficient detail; Research, where students are expected to know how to locate a range of relevant sources and evaluate, synthesize, and present ideas and information; Listening and Speaking, where students listen and respond to the ideas of others while contributing their own ideas in conversations and in groups; and Oral and Written Conventions, where students learn how to use the oral and written conventions of the English language in speaking and writing. The standards are cumulative--students will continue to address earlier standards as needed while they attend to standards for their grade. In sixth grade, students will engage in activities that build on their prior knowledge and skills in order to strengthen their reading, writing, and oral language skills. Students should read and write on a daily basis.
Throughout mathematics in Grades 6-8, students build a foundation of basic understandings in number, operation, and quantitative reasoning; patterns, relationships, and algebraic thinking; geometry and spatial reasoning; measurement; and probability and statistics. Students use concepts, algorithms, and properties of rational numbers to explore mathematical relationships and to describe increasingly complex situations. Students use algebraic thinking to describe how a change in one quantity in a relationship results in a change in the other; and they connect verbal, numeric, graphic, and symbolic representations of relationships. Students use geometric properties and relationships, as well as spatial reasoning, to model and analyze situations and solve problems. Students communicate information about geometric figures or situations by quantifying attributes, generalize procedures from measurement experiences, and use the procedures to solve problems. Students use appropriate statistics, representations of data, reasoning, and concepts of probability to draw conclusions, evaluate arguments, and make recommendations.
In Grade 6, students study people and places of the contemporary world. Societies selected for study are chosen from the following regions of the world: Europe, Russia and the Eurasian republics, North America, Middle America, South America, Southwest Asia-North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, East Asia, Southeast Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Realm. Students describe the influence of individuals and groups on historical and contemporary events in those societies and identify the locations and geographic characteristics of selected societies. Students identify different ways of organizing economic and governmental systems. The concepts of limited and unlimited government are introduced, and students describe the nature of citizenship in various societies. Students compare institutions common to all societies such as government, education, and religious institutions. Students explain how the level of technology affects the development of the selected societies and identify different points of view about selected events.
Sixth grade students will demonstrate safe practices in laboratory and field investigations as outlined in the Texas Safety Standards. They will learn that an element is a pure substance represented by a chemical symbol and will be able to differentiate between elements and compounds on the most basic level. Potential and Kinetic energy are compared and contrasted. Students will be expected to calculate speed and be able to identify and describe changes in position, direction and speed of an object when acted upon by an unbalanced force. Students will investigate methods of energy transfer including conduction, convection and radiation and demonstrate energy transformations. Sixth graders will research and debate advantages and disadvantages of fossil fuels. They will identify major tectonic plates and classify rocks. Students will describe the physical properties, location and movements of the Sun, planets, Galilean moons, meteors, asteroids, and comets and understand that gravity is the force that governs the motion of our solar system. They will describe the history and future of space exploration. Sixth graders will understand that all organisms are composed of one or more cells, recognize that the presence of a nucleus determines whether a cell is prokaryotic or eukaryotic and recognize that the broadest taxonomic classification of living organisms is divided into currently recognize Domains. Students will describe biotic and abiotic parts of an ecosystem and be able to diagram the levels of organization within an ecosystem.