• Tone is the speaker or author’s attitude toward a subject, character, or audience, and it is revealed by the words he or she chooses.

     

    How do you analyze TONE?  To determine the TONE of a piece of literature you must understand:

    • Word choice
    • Details
    • Imagery
    • Language

    All of these contribute to the understanding of TONE.  A misinterpretation of tone will lead to a misinterpretation of meaning or theme.  Tone can be serious, humorous, sarcastic, indignant, objective, etc. 

     

     
    Mood is the atmosphere or predominant emotion in a literary work. 

     

    Note:  Some students get Mood and Tone confused.  One is the emotional attitude of the author toward his subject, while the other is the emotional atmosphere the reader experiences while reading a selection.   

     

    How do you analyze MOOD?  To determine the MOOD, you must understand the

    • Imagery
    • Symbols
    • Diction
    • Word choice / Connotations
    • Details

    In order to describe MOOD or TONE you must use descriptive adjectives such as the ones on the following list:

     

    Positive Tone/Mood Words


    Lighthearted

    Confident

    Amused

    Complimentary

    Amiable

    Relaxed

    Soothing

    Jubilant

    Encouraging

    Hopeful

    Cheery

    Elated

    Passionate

    Whimsical

    Romantic

    Calm

    Enthusiastic

    Elevated

    Exuberant

    Optimistic

    Sympathetic

    Proud

    Fanciful

    Appreciative

    Consoling

    Ecstatic

    Jovial

    Enthusiastic

    Loving

    Compassionate

    Friendly

    Pleasant

    Brave

    Joyful

    Energetic

    Reverent

     


     

     

    Negative Tone/Mood Words


    Angry

    Wrathful

    Threatening

    Agitated

    Obnoxious

    Insulting

    Choleric

    Disgusted

    Bitter

    Accusing

    Arrogant

    Quarrelsome

    Surly

    Outraged

    Irritated

    Condemnatory

    Belligerent

    Disgruntled

    Furious

    Indignant

    Inflammatory

    Aggravated

    Brash

    Testy


     

     

    Neutral Tone/Mood Words


    Formal

    Objective

    Questioning

    Learned

    Authoritative

    Disbelieving

    Sentimental

    Pretentious

    Apathetic

    Conventional

    Judgmental

    Ceremonial

    Candid

    Instructive

    Factual

    Incredulous

    Urgent

    Fervent

    Histrionic

    Callous

    Forthright

    Lyrical

    Restrained

    Clinical

    Mater-of-fact

    Didactic

    Shocked

    Nostalgic

    Earnest

    Resigned

    Contemplative

    Haughty

    Obsequious

    Detached

    Sincere

    Admonitory

    Informative

    Baffled

    Reminiscent

    Reflective

    Patriotic

    Meditative

    Intimate


     

     

    Humorous and Sarcastic Tone/Mood Words


    Scornful

    Bantering

    Disdainful

    Irreverent

    Condescending

    Pompous

    Mocking

    Ridiculing

    Sarcastic

    Taunting

    Cynical

    Insolent

    Patronizing

    Whimsical

    Malicious

    Droll

    Critical

    Ironic

    Facetious

    Flippant

    Mock-heroic

    Teasing

    Quizzical

    Comical

    Satiric

    Amused

    Sardonic

    Contemptuous

    Mock-serious

    Caustic

    Ribald

    Irreverent


     

     

    Sorrow/Fear/Worry Tone/Mood Words


    Somber

    Mournful

    Concerned

    Morose

    Hopeless

    Remorseful

    Poignant

    Melancholy

    Solemn

    Fearful

    Pessimistic

    Grave

    Staid

    Sad

    Serious

    Despairing

    Sober

    Horror

    Resigned

    Disturbed

    Apprehensive

    Gloomy

    Foreboding

    Ominous

    Regretful