CHAPTER 6 TEST!!!
you will be at a restaurant and will need to order your food. We will want you to:
a. ask about food items.
ex: How is the soup?
b. use words like:
quisiera (key-c-air-ah): I would like me gustaria: I would like pedir: to order necesitar: to need traer: to bring servir: to ser preferir: to prefer
ex: quisiera pedir sopa de verduras. I would like to order vegetable soup.
ex: Uds. sirven chips y salsa aqui? Do you serve chips and salsa here.
ex. me trae una servilleta? (please note: there is supposed to be an accent on traeme, but I can't get the key to work..ugh!)
c. tell me you need something: I need a napkin, a fork, etc.
d. tell me to do something: please bring me a ________
e. ask for the check
f. talk to me about things you prefer...
The big thing is talk to me!!!
Grammar: be sure to go over your flippy/folded info. booklet
a. Mr. Ser vs. Ms. Estar. Be sure to remember their personalities.
Who is focused on events and location of events?
who is worried about your health?
who will tell you the location of things?
who is worried about your personality, looks, physical characteristics, etc.?
b. Stem changing verbs: write them out until you know them well!!!!
pedir (e-i): to order/to ask for
servir (e-i): to serve
poder (o-ue): to be able to, can
probar (o-ue): to try/taste
preferir (e-ie): to prefer
c. Direct object pronouns: memorize them and their placement
a. how to find a direct object: 1. locate the verb 2. ask the verb who? or what? I bought a gift. Bought what? a gift = direct object
our goal is to replace the direct object with a pronoun. So, instead of "a gift" we will say "it"
me: me nos: us
te: you os: you (plural)
lo: it/him los: them
la: it/her las: them
Rules of placement:
Rule of 111 "Yoda Talk":
if you have one verb, you have one placement option, it goes first BEFORE the conjugated verb.
ex. Lo quiero: I want it (yoda talk: it I want (but unless you are a short green jedi, we don't talk like this)
ex. Los necesito: I need them
*notice the d.o.p. goes right before the conjugated verb. Nothing separates these two.
Rule of 2's: if you have two verbs, you have two options.
a. the d.o.p. can go before the conjugated verb (yoda style) or
b. you can attach the d.o.p. to an infinitive
ex: Lo quiero leer or quiero leerlo
ex. Los necesito cocinar or necesito cocinarlos
if you have a command, attach the d.o.p. to the end of the command. If more than 2 syllables, add an accent.
To add an accent, go to the last vowel, count two vowels to the left.
say: "1, 2, accent over you." Comelo: Comelo: the "o" will get the accent. I can't get it to work on here. ugh!
How to create a command:
Conjugate to the tu form and drop the "-s". Comer....comes....come (eat!)
memorize the 7 irregular forms:
chapter 6.1 quia practice: www.quia.com/cb/842127.html
chapter 6.2 quia practice: www.quia.com/cb/840174.html
chapter 6.2 quai practice: www.quia.com/rr/953889.html