Theory of Knowledge (TOK) is a two-year course about critical thinking and inquiring into the process of knowing. TOK is a core element of the IB Diploma, and all DP candidates are required to take this course. TOK examines how we know what we claim to know. It does this by encouraging students to analyze knowledge claims and explore knowledge questions. A knowledge claim is the assertion that "I/we know X" or "I/we know how to Y", or a statement about knowledge; a knowledge question is an open question about knowledge. TOK also seeks to make a distinction between shared knowledge and personal knowledge.
TOK is one of the IB Diploma Programme core components. In this course, students reflect on epistemology, the nature of knowledge, and how we claim to know. TOK is purposeful inquiry into the nature and process of knowing. Through classroom discussions and projects, students gain greater awareness of their personal and ideological assumptions, as well as developing an appreciation of the diversity and richness of cultural perspectives in order to develop international mindedness. The IB TOK assessment is based on an exhibition and an essay. Students will also complete their Extended Essay in TOK.
Some key components in the TOK curriculum include:
1. There are knowledge questions which are explored within in the frameworks of: perspective, methods and tools, scope, and ethics.
2. There are 5 Areas of Knowledge studied during the two years: Arts, Maths, Natural Sciences, Human Sciences, and History.
3. There are two optional theme explores. We have selected Knowledge and Language along with Knowledge and Technology.
4. The TOK core theme is Knowledge and the Knower.
Interested in learning more about TOK? Listen to this conversation between a few of our IB Diploma students about the TOK course and the IB Diploma Program overall via this link: All About TOK